The Running Bug Tue, Jan 17 2012 Likes0 1 Comment Facebook0 Twitter0 How to Improve Your Race Times Want to know how to improve your race times? If you're struggling to improve your Personal Best then these tips will help you go faster than ever. 1. Get your focus right: speed or endurance Find out what your strongest distance is by following Jeff Galloway’s formula, US coach, what he calls the Magic Mile – a mile time trial to predict times for other distances; after warming up with some drills, run a mile fast and consistently paced (not so hard you want to throw up at the end) then: add 33 seconds for your pace for a 5K multiply by 1.15 for 10K pace multiply by 1.2 for half marathon pace multiply by 1.3 for marathon pace If, after doing this sum, you can see your results match closely to the 10k but nowhere near the marathon, chances are you need to work on endurance; if it’s the other way round, it’s speed you need to improve upon. For more information on speed see our article on Speed, Interval and Fartlek Training Explained For more information on endurance see Long Run Training Explained 2. Try some total body conditioning work Improve your stride length with conditioning to open up the hips and stretch out the hip flexors. According to Fraser Quelch, the US-based TRX Head of Training and Development, moves like the one below can improve your stride length by 10cm can and knock 90 seconds off your 10k time. Conditioning work like this also works the core meaning you’ll run in a more balanced and efficient – and ultimately faster way – staying upright and driving your legs forward. Read this article for more information on TRX Training for Runners. Read this article for more information on Stride Length and Stride Frequency. 3. Get strong with hill work Hill training boosts your running economy (the ability of your body to use oxygen as fuel, a bit like a car’s efficiency at going from 0 to 60). It does this by building power in the upper legs, and strong hamstrings will help you drive your leg back in the swing phase of the running cycle. It also helps to improve your stride length as you power up the hill and your stride frequency as you ‘cycle’ down – both of which will translate to faster times on the flat. Aim to add in two or three hilly reps a month (in addition to speed work). Hill Training Explained here 4. Power up with plyometrics Plyometrics are moves that put power in your lower limbs, and energy into the tendons, meaning you will bound off the ground more quickly. Many sprinters drills involve plyometric moves, but they’re just as relevant to distance runners. Try skipping, hopping and jumping squats on soft ground or a gym mat. 5. Lose weight Losing weight will mean you run faster as you’ve got less to carry around. However, it’s not the only factor to consider as weight loss can also mean you have lost muscle mass or you are dehydrated, and of course weight loss without training is meaningless. However, it’s no co-incidence that elite runners are generally on the slimmer side on average (Frank Horwill, the famous coach estimated around 10 percent slimmer) and commentators have said that 10lb lighter equals 20 seconds per mile faster. Follow the Bug's Running for Weight Loss Challenge here. Got any training tips that have helped you race faster? Let us know in the comments below. More from The Running Bug Stride Length and Stride Frequency How To Be a World Champion TRX Suspension Training for Runners Yoga for Runners To improve speed you need to increase stride length and/or strike rate or stride frequency. Want to know what it takes to be a world champion runner? Check out these tips. To run at your best you need to do more than just run so that your technique can also improve. Yoga is a great way to strengthen your body for running and improve your posture. New to the Running Bug? We're the online community for runners with over 65,000 members! Join today - it's free and easy - and you'll get access to all our running events, training schedules and advice, groups, blogs and forums. JOIN THE RUNNING BUG HERE! It's free and takes just 30 seconds.